Fire can strike at any time and place. It can be scary, so it is essential for kids to learn some fire safety tips. When an emergency strikes, it is important for a child to understand what to do and how to remain unharmed.
Practice House Fire Drills
Kids are familiar with fire drills that occur in school. They show the steps to take when a fire begins in a building. Since a fire can start at home, you should also conduct a house fire drill.
It is vital to have a solid plan in place for the entire family so that everyone knows what to do. Each person should have an individual escape route from their bedroom and be out of the house in two minutes or less. A home fire drill should occur once or twice a year. It is wise to check and change the home’s smoke alarm batteries when you practice this drill.
Create an Escape Map
During a real fire, the home may become filled with smoke, which means that it is difficult to see. Therefore, it is helpful to construct a map that labels all the exits from each room. In apartments, all stairways and emergency exits should be highlighted as well. You should also mark any fire safety equipment such as a fire extinguisher and fire blanket.
What to do When a Fire Starts
If a fire breaks out in your home, there are some safety tips to teach children, especially when they are in a room with a closed door.
If smoke or heat is present by the door, it must remain shut. Even if no smoke exists, your child should touch the doorknob to check for heat. If this fixture is hot, the door must remain closed.
If there is no smoke, the doorknob is cool, and the door is not hot, your child may slowly and cautiously open the door. If the room becomes filled with smoke, the door must be shut quickly. If no smoke or heat exists, your child can proceed on the escape route.
When smoke exists, your child must remain low to the ground. Dangerous gases and smoke tend to rise, so remaining on the ground will help with breathing. In other words, it is advised to drop to the floor and crawl on your hands and knees. Try to stay below the smoke.
Sometimes, the only way to escape is through a window. Your child must know how to unlock the glass and how to remove the screen. If a room is high off the ground, an extendable ladder should be available as well. When a fire starts, a child’s instinct is to search for a pet or to waste time gathering belongings. It is essential to explain that it is more important to get out quickly and that certain things must be left behind. Also, each child must know where to meet the rest of the family after exiting the house.
What Happens if You Become Stuck?
If it is not possible to get out of the burning house, it is vital to call for help. Your child can use a phone or can scream from his or her window. Your child should be told never to hide in a closet or under a bed. When the fire brigade arrives, it will be difficult to find them. While waiting, your child should learn to block the door’s cracks with shirts or blankets so that smoke can’t enter the room. If smoke is present, they should use a towel to cover their mouth.
As parents, you must teach children not to play with items that can cause a fire. For example, you can explain that candles, stoves, and fireplaces may be dangerous. Also, you should keep matches and lighters in safe places. It may be wise to teach your kids how to properly use a fire extinguisher. Fire prevention is the best way to keep children safe.